Medieval traveling cloak used as outerwear from the 13th to the 14th century. Protection against weather conditions. Otherwise called gardecorps.
Worn by all social strata, as evidenced by the rich iconography. Used by both men and women. It took many forms.
The presented surcoat is characterized by a loose cut, sewn from 4 parts plus sleeves and a hood. It has a flared bottom without slits, pleated wide sleeves and a hood with a delicate tail. The sleeves have slits secured so that the hands can be moved over. Slipped over the head.
Sample Iconography: the tomb of St. Stephen of Obazine (1260); Maciejowski's Bible (ca. 1250); Codex Manesse (c. 1300-1340), miniatures from the manuscript Practica Chirurgiae (beginning of the 14th century), Scholastic miscellany FR (1309-16), Roman de Brut GB (1325/1350)